Hanoi, Vietnam. November 2-8, 2024.

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ISSN: 2334-1033

ISBN: 978-1-956792-05-8

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Copyright © 2024 International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence Organization

- Knowledge compilation, automated reasoning, satisfiability and model counting-General

We study the time complexity of weighted first-order model counting (WFOMC) over the logical language with two variables and counting quantifiers. The problem is known to be solvable in time polynomial in the domain size. However, the degree of the polynomial, which turns out to be relatively high for most practical applications, has never been properly addressed. First, we formulate a time complexity bound for the existing techniques for solving WFOMC with counting quantifiers. The bound is already known to be a polynomial with its degree depending on the number of cells of the input formula. We observe that the number of cells depends, in turn, exponentially on the parameters of the counting quantifiers appearing in the formula. Second, we propose a new approach to dealing with counting quantifiers, reducing the exponential dependency to a quadratic one, therefore obtaining a tighter upper bound. It remains an open question whether the dependency of the polynomial degree on the counting quantifiers can be reduced further, thus making our new bound a bound to beat.