KR2022Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and ReasoningProceedings of the 19th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Haifa, Israel. July 31–August 5, 2022.

Edited by

ISSN: 2334-1033
ISBN: 978-1-956792-01-0

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Published by

Copyright © 2022 International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence Organization

Automatic Synthesis of Dynamic Norms for Multi-Agent Systems

  1. Natasha Alechina(Utrecht University)
  2. Giuseppe De Giacomo(Sapienza University of Rome)
  3. Brian Logan(Utrecht University, University of Aberdeen)
  4. Giuseppe Perelli(Sapienza University of Rome)


  1. KR and autonomous agents and multi-agent systems
  2. Reasoning about actions and change, action languages


Norms have been widely proposed to coordinate and regulate multi-agent systems (MAS) behaviour. We consider the problem of synthesising and revising the set of norms in a normative MAS to satisfy a design objective expressed in Alternating Time Temporal Logic (ATL*). ATL* is a well-established language for strategic reasoning, which allows the specification of norms that constrain the strategic behaviour of agents. We focus on dynamic norms, that is, norms corresponding to Mealy machines, that allow us to place different constraints on the agents' behaviour depending on the state of the norm and the state of the underlying MAS. We show that synthesising dynamic norms is (k + 1)-EXPTIME, where k is the alternation depth of quantifiers in the ATL* specification. Note that for typical cases of interest, k is either 1 or 2. We also study the problem of removing existing norms to satisfy a new objective, which we show to be 2EXPTIME-complete.